Historians still debate a precise definition of Puritanism. They have thus refused to fight in wars or kill for any reason. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. But exactly how do fathers positively affect their children? While James I was king (1603-1625), the persecution of the Puritans was tolerable. It’s like when Rick Santorum failed to get re-elected; it proved that we can come back from the brink of theocracy. This permitted the licensing of Dissenting ministers and the building of chapels.  The nature of the movement in England changed radically, although it retained its character for a much longer period in New England. Bradstreet alludes to the temporality of motherhood by comparing her children to a flock of birds on the precipice of leaving home. English historian Christopher Hill, who has contributed to analyses of Puritan concerns that are more respected than accepted, writes of the 1630s, old church lands, and the accusations that William Laud was a crypto-Catholic: To the heightened Puritan imagination it seemed that, all over Europe, the lamps were going out: the Counter-Reformation was winning back property for the church as well as souls: and Charles I and his government, if not allied to the forces of the Counter-Reformation, at least appeared to have set themselves identical economic and political objectives.  Women and men could file for divorce based on this issue alone. (A letter to American Pastors) 28 Thursday May 2020. [jargon] The dam broke in 1641 when the traditional retrospective reverence for Thomas Cranmer and other martyred bishops in the Acts and Monuments was displaced by forward-looking attitudes to prophecy among radical Puritans.  Based on Revelation 20, it was believed that a thousand-year period (the millennium) would occur, during which the saints would rule with Christ on earth.  It was after reaching this point—the realization that salvation was possible only because of divine mercy—that the person would experience justification, when the righteousness of Christ is imputed to the elect and their minds and hearts are regenerated. These Separatist and independent strands of Puritanism became prominent in the 1640s, when the supporters of a presbyterian polity in the Westminster Assembly were unable to forge a new English national church.  As a term of abuse, Puritan was not used by Puritans themselves. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Pilgrim-Fathers, Pilgrim Hall Museum - Beyond the Pilgrim Story - Plymouth Rock, History Learning Site - The Pilgrim Fathers, Pilgrims - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Pilgrim Fathers - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up).
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