oil palm varieties

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Dura fruits have a thick shell (see Figure 2). See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. This was the case with the “Avros”3 origin, for example [15]. Then, you can use the money to shop on Afrimash later. It is advisable to plant well-grown seedlings of 12 – 14 months old. This page was last modified on 4 January 2018, at 04:05. When you cross a dura with a pisifera (like they do in the seed producing companies) you get a tenera: Below is the process for producing a tenera palm: If you cross only dura mothers with pisifera fathers, you can be certain that: If you plant the seeds that you took from a plantation, this is what happens: Here is what happens when you take seeds from the plantation (see Figure 6): Independent plantations with bad planting material usually have around 50 percent tenera palms, 25 percent dura palms and 25 percent pisifera palms. The mother and the father palm each give one ‘shell thickness gene’ to their children (so, to their seeds), which can be either the ‘thick shell gene’ or the ‘no shell gene’. Oil palms can produce good yields for 25—30 years. 0000004485 00000 n Then, you can use the money to shop on Afrimash later. x�b```f``1e`e`�\� Ā B@16�����H��f�8����eu *�hr�p:��*j�0q����&�ة���6��f���I � �MC"s�l_b;P�g���T߶���i �U���I�O������������`��((�fv���A�`Q �� 2�M_��X,�����!�O?�� ��.��ļ�������,�tPV(b���T����h���69. Coconut Seedlings (Nifor | Malaysian | Malaysian MATAG), Dwarf Coconut Seedlings (Malaysia Variety), Touchdown Forte (Non-Selective Herbicide | 1L), Premium Japanese Koi Carp (Ornamental Fish), 5 Best Management Practices in Poultry Farming During Cold Weather, Turkey Production: General Management Practices, What You Need to Know About Feed Formulation for Livestock, How to Participate in the Afrimash 100k Challenge, How To Manage Drop In Egg Production For Layers, Weighing Scales: A Secret Weapon in Poultry Production, Oil Palm Production In Nigeria: What You Should Know. That material was widely used in Malaysia, but its genetic base remained too narrow to enable any further notable genetic progress to be made. originates from West Africa where it grows in the wild and later was developed into an agricultural crop. In oil palm, the best yields are produced by so-called ‘hybrids’. See Module 1: Planting Material for more information. Normal palm oil (called crude palm oil or ‘CPO’) is extracted from the yellow flesh, which is also called ‘mesocarp’ (see Figure 3). All rights reserved. There are 3 oil palm varieties: Dura, Pisifera and Tenera, with the latter being mainly selected for economic production. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. 0000000016 00000 n The oil is concentrated in the fruit bunches, composed of a fresh fruit pulp, and in the fruit kernels. 0000006797 00000 n Bank Transfer or Bank Deposit | Debit/Credit Card | Pay with Bank. ©2020 Afrimash Company Limited. The potting mixture is made by mixing top-soil, sand and well-decomposed cattle manure in equal proportions. Oil palm seedlings require an evenly distributed annual rainfall of 2000 mm without a defined dry season. 37 0 obj <> endobj Field Planting Prepare the land for oil palm plantings at least 3 months before transplanting the seedlings to the main field. Oil can also be extracted from the white kernel, and this oil is called ‘palm kernel oil’ or ‘PKO’. There is no cash refund for store credits. Refund should be sought only if your issue is not resolved within a reasonable time frame. The shell of an oil palm fruit is the brown/black woody ring between the yellow flesh and the white kernel (see Figure 3). Ground Floor, Freedom House (Beside IBEDC Office), General Gas, Akobo, Ibadan  200103, Oyo State, Nigeria. When there is no other alternative, a refund will be processed within 3-5 working days. belong to the Arecaceae, or 0000004168 00000 n This site will use cookies for managing the user session. This variety is resistant to diseases like. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. 0000032424 00000 n Features of High-Yield Supergene Oil-Palm Seedlings Earlier harvest (22 – 24months), compared to 36 – 48 months of SIRM standard seedling. To request a refund, after you are logged into Afrimash.com, go to My Account > Orders > Support ... for the order in question. Tree diameter and circumference is bigger, supports more branch and fruits, reduction of gravity effect allows easy transfer of nutrients from the soil to fruit. This specie (Supergene) is part of what makes Malaysia the number one Palm producer in the world due to its prolific production there. It is mostly produced at an artisanal scale. is being recommended. The mother palm of a hybrid is called dura. xref You can change your ad preferences anytime. Pisifera fruits have no shell at all (see Figure 2). 0000001630 00000 n Your preference for our oil palm planting materials encourages us to continue innovating, so that we can offer you new increasingly productive varieties to ensure the profitability of your business. Palm oil, from the palm fruit, is about 50 percent saturated fat and fairly high in monounsaturated fats. Palm kernel oil is a lauric-type oil similar in composition and properties to coconut oil. 0000011098 00000 n Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Each fruit produces a large quantities of oil (which is in the mesocarp, the yellow ‘flesh’); The palms produce a large amount of fruit bunches. %PDF-1.3 %���� The gene from the mother can be either thick shell or no shell; The gene from the father can be either thick shell or no shell; The palms that grow from the seeds of these parents can be thick shell, thin shell, or no shell. Hybrid tenera fruits have a thin shell and the palms produce up to 30 percent more oil than their parents! 0000028670 00000 n Never plant seeds from your plantations or buy seeds that are not certified!! %%EOF 0000005851 00000 n This example clearly shows why mills prefer tenera bunches. The cross between dura and pisifera palms is a hybrid called tenera (see Figure 2). Seedlings should never be lifted from the soil by pulling the leaves or stem. Longer tree lifecycle, 30 years of fruit-bearing, therefore the income period is longer. In the hot season, summer, grow it outdoors and make sure you place it in a very sunny and warm spot. 0000008421 00000 n Oil can also be extracted from the white kernel, and this oil is called ‘palm kernel oil’ or ‘PKO’. 0000001369 00000 n • For each hectare of oil palm, which is harvested year-round, the annual production averages 10 tons of fruit, which yields 3,000 kg of pericarp oil, and 750 kg of seed kernels, which yield 250 kg of high quality palm kernel oil as well as 500 kg of kernel meal. PPKS239, PPKS540, PPKS718, Simalungun, and Dumpy. Yield of Oil palm In a well-maintained garden the yield of oil palm will be as furnished below : Only logged in customers who have purchased this product may leave a review. Tenera: This variety is ruling hybrid type and basically it is a cross of shell-less Pisifera (female) and thick-shelled... Dura: This variety is not commercially cultivated and it has thick shell of 2 to 8 mm. In soils with low permeability, drainage channels are to be constructed to prevent water stagnation in upper layer of soil. In Mg deficient soils, magnesium is applied at 100 g as anhydrous MgSO4 or 200 g Epsom salt per seedling. It is not preferred for commercial cultivation. Gravelly and sandy soils, particularly the coastal sands are not ideal for oil palm cultivation. 0000002969 00000 n Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Heavy clay soils with poor drainage properties may pose problems of aeration during rainy seasons. Enter the details of your request and send. The only type of oil palm that can produce large amounts of oil is the hybrid tenera type. 0000023728 00000 n agriculture in the production In humans, for example, there are genes for colour of the hair, or talent for singing or mathematics.

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